Hey Relentless Students! I hope today has treated you well and that your online schooling is either going great or done. Today we will continue our voyage through the scriptures. As I said a few days ago Chronicles can feel a bit like a summary that sheds a more positive light on what we went through in Kings. The first book takes a step further back and puts the spotlight back on David. So, let's hop in!
1 Chronicles takes us through the genealogy of David starting all the way back with Adam. If you were to read the names you would be reminded of the different stories told up until the life of David as many famous faces make their way on the list. It helps the reader to understand the lineage that David came from. To us, it can feel like a bunch of names, and depending on how much of the Old Testament you've read will feel even more insignificant. But to the people of Israel, they would be reminded of those who came long before them and feel this sense of nostalgia.
As the genealogies are completed we thrust into the end of Saul's life. The scene is almost verbatim from 1 Samuel 31. In both books, Saul is in the middle of a battle with the Philistines. When the battle starts heading south Saul chooses to take his own life instead of being captured or killed by the Philistines. In the last verse of 1 Chronicles 10, David steps into the frame as the new king. From there we see David's life as king beginning to end, but with higher attention to his rights than his wrongs. By the time we hit chapter 22 David is nearing the end of his reign and creates the plan for the temple that would house the Ark of the Covenant, AKA a house of worship for God. But David has shed to much blood in his time for God to be okay with him building this temple. He calls Solomon, David's son, to be the constructor of the temple. As David was coming to the end of his life he appointed Solomon the new king of Israel. Then as we close 1 Chronicles, we see the passing of David, the succession of Solomon, and the sources for this text. 1 Chronicles 29:29-30 leaves us with the source material like a footnote saying,
"Now the acts of King David, from first to last, are written in the Chronicles of Samuel the seer, and in the Chronicles of Nathan the prophet, and in the Chronicles of Gad the seer, with accounts of all his rule and his might and of the circumstances that came upon him and upon Israel and upon all the kingdoms of the countries."
As we look back at this book, the author took the histories told in 1 and 2 Samuel and summarized them, focusing on the highlights of David's life as their king. His purpose was to show the people of Israel how to move forward after their exile. You see, the people had been exiled due to the actions of their kings and had a negative view of them due to how they had been recorded prior in the books of Samuel and Kings. The writer of Chronicles sought to remind the people of how God worked during this time, even when the kings were failing. It was a way for God to remind the people that He is faithful and will guide them as they work towards restoring their nation.
Tomorrow we will dive into 2 Chronicles, focusing on the distinct ways the writer talks about the kings that the books of Kings would call wicked or evil.
If you want to dive into more info on 1 Chronicles check out this video: